Mouth cancer, also called oral cancer, is a disease that takes place when there are uncontrolled cells in your body which can cause damage to the surrounding tissues. It usually happens after the age of 40 and the risk is twice as high in men as it is in women. It can occur on the:
Inner lining of the cheeks
Roof of the mouth
Floor of the mouth
Taking tobacco or smoking
Drinking too much of alcohol
Infection with human papilloma virus (HPV)
Sun exposure to the lips
Sexually transmitted virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV)
Weak immune system
Sore, lump, thick patch or irritation in the lips, mouth or throat
Red or white patch in your mouth
Feeling of something being struck in the throat
Difficulty in moving your tongue or jaw
Numbness in tongue or other areas of your mouth
Swelling of jaws that do not fit dentures properly
Pain in one ear without the problem of hearing loss
There are three treatment options for mouth cancer:
Surgery – The cancerous cells are removed surgically with surrounding cells or tissues that ensure cancer is removed completely.
Radiotherapy – High-energy X-rays help in destroying cancerous cells.
Chemotherapy – Powerful medications are used to kill cancerous cells.
These treatments can be performed by combining one with the other. For example, surgery may be followed by radiotherapy that helps to prevent cancer. If you want to treat cancer, the treatment will mainly focus on different functions of your mouth like eating, speaking and breathing.
Say no to tobacco products and cigarettes
Take fruits and vegetables in your diet
Avoid excessive exposure to the sun for your lips
Visit your dentist for routine checkups
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